Miles per Gallon / MPG : 22 Tips to increase it

Here is a Compilation of 22 tips which can help you take your car to the level of best gas mileage cars available in the market.

  1. Driving at a consistent speed is important to increase the mileage. You can also use Cruise control(if equipped) to stay at a constant speed.
  2. Try not to use your four-wheel drive function when not needed. This feature increases fuel consumption.
  3. Avoid Braking. This might sound crazy(and unsafe) but this does not mean you don’t have to break at all. You should always keep your foot ready to break as you might need it anytime(the road is a dangerous  place you know). When you stop and start again, it uses more fuel. Try to increase the amount of distance between you and other vehicles. If you drive smartly, accelerating controllably, the acceleration won’t even affect the mpg. Note: Do not break any traffic rules to avoid breaking as spending a few  additional bucks on fuel is still better than getting a ticket(or even worse, jail).
  4. Never push the accelerator more than an inch or 2.5cm. The more you push down the gas pedal, more fuel  it pushes into the engine, which makes the engine run faster. The best way would be to push the pedal down slowly and when you know you have to stop at a point,  don’t just accelerate till the end point and slam the breaks(slamming the breaks also decreases the life of break pedal). Instead take off your foot off the accelerator a few feet before the end point so you smoothly sail to the end point and stop the car by applying the brakes gently.
  5. Do not idle the vehicle. There is general belief that in cold weather the car should be kept idle to warm up. This is not completely untrue, the car does need a little warming up in cold weather but the correct way to warp up the car is to drive gently for 5-10 minutes. Also if you are going to stop for more than one minute, turning off the engine can improve fuel efficiency by almost 19%.  So next time, turnoff the car at stop lights.
  6. Drive slower up hills, and faster downhill. When you drive faster uphill you press the accelerator more which increases the fuel consumption(thus more MPG). The trick is to keep the accelerator constant and avoid pushing it down more than an inch(tip 4). And when you are going downhill, try to avoid acceleration by going on lighter gears. Please keep in mind that if the hill is steeper the you should keep your speed in control by staying on heavier gears.(The gears depend on the speed you want to be on)
  7. Hear what your Engine says!!  You might have noticed the variations in sounds that your engine makes when  you accelerate more vs. less,  and when you drive in heavier gears vs. lighter gears. Sound is a very good indicator of the load your engine is taking. The more intense and harsh the sound is, the more load your engine is taking(ultimately leading to higher fuel combustion and less engine life). Going slower uphill(tip 6) also helps in keeping the engine load in control.
  8. Do Not use Deflated Tires. Check the Tire pressure regularly. If the tires are incorrectly inflated, then there will be excess drag, or not enough surface contact with the road. This affects the car efficiency more than you would have imagined. Under-inflated tires can decrease the fuel efficiency of your engine up-to 2.8%.
  9. Remove the Junk off the Trunk! Removing the unused items from your vehicle increases its efficiency.
  10. Do not use Cruise Control when driving on hilly roads. The cruise control will try and keep you at a constant speed which means it will not be able to anticipate a coming hill and accelerate to meet it. It will make the car idle downhill and then flaw it for the uphill sections. It is far more efficient to turn it off when driving on these type of roads and maintain the flexibility of normal driving.
  11. Don’t stick to the bumper of the car in front of you. Maintaining a safe distance from the car in front of you gives you a better chance to avoid unnecessary acceleration and braking.
  12. Always take off slowly! Maintain a habit of taking off slowly(unless you are in an F1 race) always and you will see a definite increase in MPG(miles per gallon) comparison.
  13. Stay between 45 to 55 miles per hour.Staying between these speeds is considered to be most fuel efficient as at this speed the car is at its best “speed per RPM” ratio.
  14. Try to use A/C as fewer as you can. It has been found in studies that the A/C at lower speeds can use up to about 8% of the fuel of the car. A possible solution would be to open the windows at lower speeds and turn off the A/C(unless it’s a hot day). However at faster speeds opening the windows increases the drag so you can either turn on the A/C or keep the windows open only a few inches.
  15. Downshift or just Go Neutral!  Gas can be saved by shifting into neutral when going down steep hills however “this tip is just for educational purpose(in case you are short of fuel) and I do not recommend it personally as Engine braking is much much safer on steep hills.” Also you should not do this in a Hybrid car, as they need the Engine Breaking to generate electricity and charge the batteries. One more thing that you should know is that going in neutral for long distances can cause damage to the break pedals.
  16. Find a Tree, when Parking Outside. Parking in the shade keeps the car cooler inside, and you will need less A/C to cool off when you get back in.  Also the gasoline can evaporate under sunlight so make sure that your gas tank is facing away from the direct sunlight. Check your gas cap properly, if your fuel cap is sealed tight then you can worry a little less, as it will keep the the fumes in and outside air out.
  17. Don’t use Thick tires!  Showing off the modern thick tires feel great but keep it mind that more the width is, more the resistance is and so the fuel consumption is also higher.
  18. Check the Car Health regularly. Make sure the engine oil, breaking oil, the clutch etc. are in good condition.
  19. Avoid Over Speeding.  The ideal speed that you should drive is between 40 and 60 miles per hour (64.4 and 96.6 kilometers per hour). Going faster than that might take you to your destination a little earlier but it’s not worth it when it reduces your cars efficiency.
  20. Keep the Air Filter clean. Cleaning the air filters  regularly is important to avoid any blocks in the path of air to the engine. A clean air filter can improve mpg(miles per gallon) by as much as 10%.
  21. Keep the Tires Aligned properly. Poor alignment not only causes tires to wear out more quickly, but also forces your engine to work harder.
  22. Don’t Drive! This is the golden tip. Instead of hoping in the car every now and then, try cycling or walking for short distances. You will save fuel, save money, stay healthy

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This has been a very tiring article for me and I hope that you will like it. Please leave comments and share.

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